The Chaperon C.1272 - 1480
started by being the "Hood and Liripipe" and was worn around
the time of 1272 during the first years of the reign of Edward I. When the
Hood and Liripipe was worn, rich and poor sometimes wore the Liripipe
wrapped around the forehead or around the throat like a scarf.
By the time of Edward II and Edward III, the Hood and Liripipe was still
worn in that manner, but occasionally became a hat called a
"Chaperon" (it is also referred to as a
"Roundlet"). The opening for the face was put over the head, with the edge
rolled up to make the roll. The shoulder cape, "Gorget", hung over one
side of the face, dagged in various ways, the Liripipe was on the other.
Even though the Hood and Liripipe was worn as the
"Chaperon" before 1377, it suddenly became
"fashionable" to wear it in this way. Fashionable and ordinary men adopted
many fantastic arrangements. It was not easy to arrange and was probably
converted into a fixed style of headgear by some court dandy. When
outside, nobles and merchants still wore the hood, but with the
"Chaperon" over the top. Lower classes still
wore the hood and Liripipe in its usual way.
During the 14th and 15th Centuries the Liripipe became longer, until it was
often draped over one shoulder or tucked in a belt. Frequently the Chaperon
was lined in another colour and a rich Gold ornament or brooch was worn
attached to the front of the roll.
Throughout the reigns of Henry IV, Henry V, Henry VI and Edward IV men wore
the "Chaperon." They can be seen on carvings
in many churches and in Tres Riches Heures - Duc De Berry´s Book of Hours
and the Duke of Bedford´s Book of Hours, where many men are wearing
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