The Mans Cap C.1191 - 1480
The "Cap" started to be worn during the time
of Richard I. It consisted of round crown with an upstanding brim and
was referred to as a "Cap of Dignity" or "Chapeau of Estate." Richard
himself had one at his coronation in red silk and ermine. During his
visit to Cyprus in 1190 it was documented that he wore a cap that was
"Scarlet and embroidered in gold, of animals."
During the time of Henry III, the King of Navarre was documented wearing
his "Cap of Gold, and his knights wearing Caps of taffeta, embroidered."
By 1307 the Cap, with a point projecting from the front, was in general
use. Even into the 14th and 15th centuries men of all levels of society
wore the Cap in this style, peasants, Henchmen, Tinkers, Scholars,
Physicians, Architects, Merchants and Nobles. The Cap was also used for
coronations for the Sovereign of England, and always of crimson velvet
with white ermine on the brim.
Other hats worn during this period are Tall Hats, Broad Brimmed Hats of
Felt or Straw, Beaver Hats, The Bag Hat, Hood and Liripipe and the
favourite, the "Chaperon."
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